To read the entire diary and/or to see the scans of the diary, previous footnotes, tags of people mentioned, click here.
Jan 2 – Cloudy 30 Abz. At home all day.
Jan 4 – Cold 25 Abz. Worked in shop on violin. Barlow got his violin. Bot ½ lb yarn 44¢.
Jan 5 – Pleasant 31 Abz. Worked in shop. Paid Tax 4.29 Georges tax 10.66. Bot 30 lbs flour 82¢.
Jan 6 – Cloudy 22 Abz. Went over to Taylors to the mill. Bot ½ lb yarn 50¢ one lb ratas 10¢. Elder Sills here & prayed for Two Sarahs.
Jan 7 – Snow 20 Abz. Worked in shop on sleigh. Cold snowey day. Bot screws 30¢ one lb candles 14. Sent letter to N. B. Betts 3¢.
Jan 8 – Cold 3 Blz 4 or 5 inches snow. Finished fathers sleigh. Bot darning needle.
Jan 9 – Cold 4 Blz. At home all day. Cold.
Jan 10 – Pleasant 10 Blz. Painted Fathers sleigh. A. Sumner at the shop. Flanders here with his bobs.
Jan 11 – Cloudy 21 Abz. Painted Fathers sleigh. Jesse Earl here. Bot 54 lbs bran 32¢ one box matches 6¢.
Jan 12 – Cloudy 36 Abz. Lasher came over and killed my pig weighed 252 lbs.
Jan 13 – Cloudy 37 Abz. Repaired wheel for Wightman. Rainy night. Nationals in town to night.
Jan 14 – Cloudy 37 Abz very muddy. Mrs Bennet here & Bennet to dinner. Rainy afternoon snowed in the night. Anna Fries died to night Ae 16 years.
Jan 15 – Cloudy 30 Abz. Covered cistern. Bot salt candles. Got stove hearth mended.
Jan 16 – Pleasant 26 Abz some snow snowed some. Anna Fries buried to day.
Jan 17 – Cloudy 22 Abz. Went up to Yorks. Father got his sleigh.
Jan 19 – Pleasant 29 Abz. Went over to Byingtons. Oatman moved his house. Took tea to Deyoes.
Jan 20 – Cloudy 42 Abz. Went over to Fathers took hannah. Rained some.
Jan 21 – Cloudy 25 Abz. Sawed wood. Sarah came home. Filed saw for Mr Smith.
Jan 22 – Snows 3 Abz. Went over to Fathers after hannah. Mrs Frary here. Wesley here in Evening.
Jan 24 – Pleasant 17 Abz. Worked in shop some. Bot 26½ lbs flour 77¢ ½ lb Tea 31¢. Wesley got corn 6 bushels 56¢ pr bushel. Sent letter to King one to D Crawford.
Jan 25 – Cloudy 31 Abz not much snow. Rimmed wheel for A. McLary. Calvin Streator here to day.
Jan 26 – Pleasant 22 Abz. Sawed out one pair bob runners. Flanders here. Ralph got his gloves. Calvin here.
Jan 27 – Snows like fun 32 Abz rained & snowed all day. Worked on McLarys Ex.
Jan 28 – Cloudy 32 Abz. Finished McLarys Ex. Bot G. string. Received letter from Mrs M. Keith one from N. B. Betts two for Lois.
Jan 30 – Pleasant but cloudy 23 Abz. At home all day. Sarah went to church. All well as usual.
Jan 31 – Sun shines no snow 13 Abz. Worked round house & Barn. D. Lamkins here Wesley here in evening. Bent hoops for violin. Race run over. Mr Gero very sick.
Feb 1 – Sun shines Pleasant 30 Abz. Went over the river after my Heifer could not get her. Made axhelve for C. C. Johnson. Mrs Watts here. Barlow gave me an E. string. Went to Barlows.
Feb 2 – Snows some 31 Abz. Made axhelve for Wesley. Mary an Keith came here. Johnson got helve.
Feb 3 – 24 Abz. Filed saw for Joseph Lee. T. Ford brot some flour. Wm McLary brot sleigh.
Feb 4 – Snows 16 Abz. Worked in shop sawed out bob knees. Blocked out foot for T. Sherman. Recd letter from Canada. Some sleighing. Bot one lb candles 16¢ letter 10¢.
Feb 5 – Snows some 12 Abz snowey day. Worked in shop some sawed out gearing and neaps one for Byington.
Feb 6 – Pleasant 11 Abz. Sun shines. At home all day. Sarah went to church. Ed & Mary Childs here to Tea. Snow most gone.
 Above zero
 Charles Luke Keith Sr.
 His daughter, Nancy Keith
 While “Lasher” is referenced repeatedly in Luke’s diaries and also in letters to Luke from Charles Cridland, the only evidence found regarding his first name, Joseph, was a receipt in the back of Luke’s 1858 diary dated December 6, 1858 for the payment of Comstock real estate taxes
 This appears to be Luke’s symbol for “cents.” It was actually written as a quarter of a round circle slanting upwards to the right (see scan of diary entry)
 Saleratus; sodium or potassium bicarbonate used as a leavening agent; baking soda
 His mother-in-law, Nancy (Comfort) Crawford Betts
 Below zero
 A search of FindAGrave.com reveals that Anna H. Freese died January 15, 1859 and is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan
 Abiah was the cousin of Jerusha (Crittenden) Keith, Luke’s second wife
 His third wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith
 His daughter, Hannah Keith
 His brother, John Wesley Keith who, according to the family Bible, was adopted
 Most likely James S. King, his maternal first cousin
 His brother-in-law, David “D.C.” Crawford
 His daughter, Lois (Keith) Clark, by his first wife, Minerva Payson. Lois married Byron Clark on March 17, 1859; it is curious that Luke didn’t enter that in his diary
 Joseph York, the husband of Luke’s niece, Helen (Bradley) York
 Hannah (Willcutt) Keith
 An artificial channel or bed of a stream leading water to or from a point where its energy is utilized, such as a mill or a mining claim
 An axe handle
 Mary Ann (Batey) Keith, the wife of his nephew, James “Oscar” Keith
 His nephew
 The pole, or tongue, of a cart